Evidence-Based Interviewing Practices
In the Americas and much of the world, suspects in criminal activity are subjected to confession-oriented interrogations. The use of these confession-oriented interrogation techniques is often predicated by the use, and often misuse, of credibility assessment techniques that can have high error rates. Moreover, the confession-oriented techniques are associated with the creation of false memory and/or false confessions. This On Demand course presents a non-coercive, evidence-based practice approach to obtaining information that is generalizable not only to forensic witnesses and suspects, but to any situation where it is important to obtain information from another person. The course reviews the basic scientific research on deception and deception detection, with a focus on dispelling myths often held by practitioners, while also indicating valid approaches to assessing credibility. A basic and highly-generalizable, evidence-based approach to interviewing is presented that is designed to be non-coercive and to protect against false memory creation and false confessions.
The approach to this course stresses the commonalities of all good interviews in forensic, industrial, and clinical settings. Estimator and System variables of the interview setting are discussed, with a focus on the System variables associated with interviewing and in minimizing the possible biasing effects of interviewer behavior. In all settings, the goal to is to produce a complete and unbiased free narrative from the interviewee. We discuss exciting new research on the role of the physical setting in priming the interviewee to be forthcoming. Course participants are introduced to the current science on eyewitness memory with a focus on the impact of interviewing techniques on accuracy and quantity of what is actually recalled. We also discuss the role of interviewers in creating false memories and false confessions and how our approach avoids those problems. In addition, we provide instruction specifically for forensic and law enforcement professionals on how to prepare for an interview, build initial rapport, adjust the interview for the specific needs of the interviewee, and properly close the interview.
The course instruction concludes with an introduction to the Strategic Use of Evidence (SUE) technique. SUE is a technique that helps determine whether a suspect who denies involvement in a crime is guilty (lying) or innocent (telling the truth). In SUE, evidence known to the interviewer is strategically withheld until the interviewee has given a complete free narrative statement. Interviewers then ask systematic questions pertaining to the known evidence in a manner that will force the lying suspect to “paint themselves into a corner” while giving the innocent suspect the opportunity to provide a statement that explains the evidence. The scientific basis of SUE is provided and the research validating its use is discussed.
More cost-effective and time-efficient than attending an in-person workshop but covering the same content, this innovative On Demand training is the first-of-its-kind.
Why Train With GIFR?
Eliminate hidden costs of in-person trainings including travel, hotel, food, and gas